This is an academic article that teachers of music composition may find interesting and helpful. The authors base their approach on theories of both neurobiology and music theory and focus on school age children. Through this dual lens, the authors connect why humans compose with how to compose effectively.
This page provides a nice overview of some of the more popular kinds of sound synthesis. As students begin to compose with digital audio, a basic understanding of the different methods of synthesis will help them choose instruments and craft their own sounds to match their compositions.
Tutorials like this, filled with audio examples help students to formalize their intuition about music and provide a starting point to purposefully incorporate elements they recognize into their own works. This article focuses on bass lines common to electronic dance music (but found in many other genres as well).