For older students, having an online discussion practices writing and thinking in a 21st century way. Invite an expert and you have an interactive simulation of real-life work to problem solve or answer a question. This web page lists the hows and whys and gives a set of starter discussion questions for a subject area plus a list of references.
Evidence of effectiveness is a trend in education, and when you are talking about a child passing or failing you are talking about their life and potentials. This is a presentation that shows a process for determining a program's effectiveness. It explains the questions needed and the exploratory verbs.
Sometimes even the best techniques do not work some days for students or for a teacher. Sometimes just going back to a set of simple tried but true questions, or better yet get a student to ask one, opens up a whole new world of knowledge. The TED video demonstrates how someone took a student's simple question and expounded on the wonders of the universe.
A teacher telling her personal experience of using questioning for discovery and understanding. Her technique involves follow up and connection questions. Her excitement at the depth of learning is equal to their excitement of discovery what they think is important.
You can read the articles, study the questions, and practice with colleagues but it is when you are with students and interact with questions that you learn how to question and how to keep it flowing. This video shows the interaction. It shows you when it is working well in a student and how the teacher got it there. It interjects interviews of the teachers telling what standard he/she was trying to develop.
The trend in education for professional teachers is to develop reflective practices. That takes reflective questioning that suspends judgment and expands thinking. Problems with students are often complex and take deep thinking to solve. The dialogue between colleagues needs a component of being able to say anything and then look at the possibilities. Questioning each other in a reflective way builds collaboration and bonds colleagues.
Divergent thinking means using processes that develop potential answers, that may or may not be logical. The article spends time describing what it is and is not. It lists thought leaders in the research arena and defines the creativity as creative problem solving. Divergent thinking is hard to assess but helps foster originality.
Articles on creativity and convergent thinking are included in this publication. Convergent thinking means bringing materials from an array of places to solve a problem. At one time the thinking was this was a less creative way to solve problems, but that stemmed more from the form of testing which in most states is multiple choice. Changing the testing format to writing shows if a student can synthesize material into a unique perspective. The arguments and more articles are on the site.