Every year, my students engage in a mock trial of Meursault. The students love it! This resource includes questions/study guide material, and an organizational chart for implementing a mock trial in your classroom. The students will learn about law and also the concept of justice as it applies to the text and life.
What are the enduring, essential questions that you want to address in your instruction, students' activities/experiences, and assessments for the novel? This site offers such questions: Who is the stranger? What is more important, society or the self? Why? What does it mean to be moral? Is morality necessary to live? What is the difference between fate and free will? Students enjoy talking about these questions before, during and after the reading.
It is wise to slowly lead students into reading The Stranger by first exposing them to absurdism, existentialism and Camus's life and times. Then, reading his Myth of Sisyphus will pose many significant philosophical questions which the students will ponder and apply to the novel. In this source, the myth is examined in a very intellectual manner; however, the teacher may select lines from different parts of it to draw the students into philosophical discussion.
I have used segments from each of the videos on this site for supplemental information about Camus. I like showing brief pieces of each video and then have students write reflections about what they hear. We then discuss their ideas and relate them back to the text and modern life.
Many students have a difficult time understanding absurdity and existentialism. This is a good discussion of Camus's absurdity. I use it as an example of how students can "talk" about the main points of the philosophy. It also demonstrates how students can respond to each other's ideas in a blog format. There is also a one-minute audio blurb on absurdity that is interesting.
I showed this movie after my students read the text. Famous director Luchino Visconti did a great job of portraying the absurdity of Meursault's thoughts and actions. There are many quiet scenes in the movie similar to Camus's upbringing and Meursault's thought process. Students were able to see this silence on the screen.