This blog post helps teachers understand how inferring and predicting builds mathematical comprehension. It defines the difference between predicting, inferring, and drawing conclusions and the importance of each. Included is a great place value game called Mind Reader.
This is an excellent resource for science and social studies teachers to use for references to include inferences in their content. It defines inferences, describes the student process of making inferences, then offers multiple resources; from lessons, to books, and even experiments!
This website describes multiple aspects of the nature of science, in the science classroom. It explains in detail both observations and inferences in science, and why they are not enough knowledge on their own.
This article uses strategies from the book, "Building Mathematical Comprehension" to make meaning in math classrooms. I love that it breaks down how inferring is important to students as mathematicians.